Explaining the Pathways Between Approach-Avoidance Personality Traits and Employees' Job Search Behavior Academic Article uri icon


  • Research suggests that certain personality characteristics lead to greater (or lesser) withdrawal from work, yet little research has examined exactly how personality translates into withdrawal behavior. To address this question, the present study demonstrated that the approach-avoidance personality traits of extraversion and neuroticism each showed simultaneous positive and negative effects on job search behaviors of employed individuals depending on the mediating mechanism involved (i.e., ambition values, job search self-efficacy, perceived job challenge, work burnout, perceived financial inadequacy, and job satisfaction). The authors findings extend theoretical insights on the pathways linking dispositional traits and employee withdrawal behaviors and suggest how employers can more precisely anticipate and mitigate employees search for new employment.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 7.7

author list (cited authors)

  • Zimmerman, R. D., Boswell, W. R., Shipp, A. J., Dunford, B. B., & Boudreau, J. W.

citation count

  • 49

complete list of authors

  • Zimmerman, Ryan D||Boswell, Wendy R||Shipp, Abbie J||Dunford, Benjamin B||Boudreau, John W

publication date

  • September 2012