A Response to Wang and Swanson's Article on National HRD and Theory Development Academic Article uri icon


  • Wang and Swanson (2008) have provided a critique of the current state of the research and theory of national human resource development (NHRD). In this article, the authors provide a critique based on the following issues: insistence on a single paradigm of truth or reality, theory development methodology, the bounding process, the definitional process, scope of NHRD efforts, and reliance on economics (and only development economics).

published proceedings

  • Human Resource Development Review

author list (cited authors)

  • McLean, G. N., Lynham, S. A., Azevedo, R. E., Lawrence, J., & Nafukho, F. M.

citation count

  • 32

complete list of authors

  • McLean, Gary N||Lynham, Susan A||Azevedo, Ross E||Lawrence, John ES||Nafukho, Fredrick M

publication date

  • June 2008