Shell Egg Sanitation: UV Radiation and Egg Rotation to Effectively Reduce Populations of Aerobes, Yeasts, and Molds. Academic Article uri icon


  • The intensity of UV radiation (254 nm) and egg rotation were examined for their effect on aerobic microorganisms, yeast, and mold on egg shell surfaces. Aerobic microorganisms, yeast, and mold populations were significantly reduced by UV treatments at 1,720 W/cm2. Eggs rotated at 1 revolution per min under 1,720 W/cm2 of UV light had significantly reduced populations of aerobic microorganisms. Higher intensity (4,350 W/cm2) with egg rotation also significantly decreased aerobic microorganism populations. Eggs treated with rotation and 15 min of 4,350 W/cm2 of UV radiation had significantly lower populations of aerobic microorganisms than eggs without rotation. Eggs rotated and exposed to 15 min of 4,350 W/cm2 of UV were compared to eggs dipped in 200 ppm chlorine-treated water solution for 1 min, exposed to 3 formaldehyde fumigation for 20 min, sprayed with commercial sanitizer (Bioguard) for 3 min, and eggs receiving no treatment. Eggs treated with UV radiation had significantly higher populations of aerobic microorganisms than eggs from other treatments but significantly lower bacterial populations than the control group. Mold and yeast populations of UV-treated eggs were significantly lower than the untreated eggs. The results of this study indicate that UV radiation can significantly reduce aerobic microorganisms, yeast and molds on egg shell surfaces.

published proceedings

  • J Food Prot

author list (cited authors)

  • Kuo, F., Ricke, S. C., & Carey, J. B.

citation count

  • 27

complete list of authors

  • Kuo, F-L||Ricke, SC||Carey, JB

publication date

  • June 1997