Self-efficacy and outcome expectancy in beginning weight training class: their relations to students' behavioral intention and actual behavior. Academic Article uri icon


  • This study was an initial attempt to investigate the relationships among self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, behavioral intention, and actual behavior over time in a beginning weight training class. A total of 109 participants completed questionnaires assessing their self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, and intentions for future weight training. Their attendance and workout logs were calculated as a measure of actual behavior. Correlation analyses revealed significant positive relationships among all the variables during both program periods. Multiple regression analyses indicated that outcome expectancy initially played a more important role than self-efficacy in predicting behavioral intention and actual behavior. However, self-efficacy appeared more influential at midprogram. Findings of this study can enhance our understanding of the determining factors for individuals' motivated behaviors in college physical activity classes.

published proceedings

  • Res Q Exerc Sport

altmetric score

  • 1

author list (cited authors)

  • Gao, Z., Xiang, P., Lee, A. M., & Harrison, L.

citation count

  • 7

complete list of authors

  • Gao, Zan||Xiang, Ping||Lee, Amelia M||Harrison, Louis

publication date

  • January 2008