Pre-Production Relationship Marketing Academic Article uri icon


  • The benefits of relationship marketing and customer relationship management have been well documented in the marketing literature and in business practice. Relationship marketing instruments (RMIs) are specific methods that can help bring about those benefits. The authors describe a unique type of RMI, one that can be used prior to product or service production. Designed to market season tickets for new or remodeled professional football stadiums before the stadium is built, Permanent Seat Licensing has been used effectively over the past decade for nine National Football League teams. The authors propose that this type of pre-production RMI has possible application for marketers of other products and services. Copyright by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Relationship Marketing

author list (cited authors)

  • McDaniel, S. W., & Moore, S. B.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • McDaniel, Stephen W||Moore, Steven B

publication date

  • January 2005