Maximum Migration Distance of Meander Channel in Sand Using Hyperbolic Function Approach Academic Article uri icon


  • A set of large-scale laboratory experiments were conducted to study the migration of meandering channel. Factors affecting the change of banklines, including the ratio of centerline curvature to channel width, bend angle, and Froude number were tested in the experiments. The effect of each factor on the evolution of channel plan form was evaluated and quantified. The channel bankline displacement was modeled by a hyperbolic function with the inclusion of the initial migration rate and the maximum migration distance. A three-dimensional numerical model was also employed to explain some findings in the laboratory tests. It is found that the maximum migration distance along a bend satisfies a Gaussian distribution. A set of equations were developed for predicting the maximum migration distance. With the maximum migration distance being developed as a function of several geometric and flow parameters, a hyperbolic-function model can be applied to estimate the maximum bankline migration distance when the channel reaches equilibrium. 2009 ASCE.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Yeh, P., Park, N., Chang, K., Chen, H., & Briaud, J.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Yeh, Po-Hung||Park, Namgyu||Chang, Kuang-An||Chen, Hamn-Ching||Briaud, Jean-Louis

publication date

  • August 2009