Detection of atomic hydrogen in flames using picosecond two-color two-photon-resonant six-wave-mixing spectroscopy.
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We report an investigation of two-color six-wave-mixing spectroscopy techniques using picosecond lasers for the detection of atomic hydrogen in an atmospheric-pressure hydrogen-air flame. An ultraviolet laser at 243 nm was two-photon-resonant with the 2S(1/2) <-- <-- 1S(1/2) transition, and a visible probe laser at 656 nm was resonant with H(alpha) transitions (n=3 <-- n=2). The signal dependence on the polarization of the pump laser was investigated for a two- beam polarization-spectroscopy experimental configuration and for a four- beam grating configuration. A direct comparison of the absolute signal and background levels in the two experimental geometries demonstrated a significant advantage to using the four-beam grating geometry over the simpler two-beam configuration. Picosecond laser pulses provided sufficient time resolution to investigate hydrogen collisions in the atmospheric-pressure flame. Time-resolved two-color laser-induced fluorescence was used to measure an n=2 population lifetime of 110 ps, and time-resolved two-color six-wave-mixing spectroscopy was used to measure a coherence lifetime of 76 ps. Based on the collisional time scale, we expect that the six-wave-mixing signal dependence on collisions is significantly reduced with picosecond laser pulses when compared to laser pulse durations on the nanosecond time scale.
author list (cited authors)
Kulatilaka, W. D., Lucht, R. P., Roy, S., Gord, J. R., & Settersten, T. B.