Flow and Heat Transfer in a Rotating Square Channel With 45 Angled Ribs by Reynolds Stress Turbulence Model Conference Paper uri icon


  • Numerical predictions of three -dimensional flow and heat transfer are presented for a rotating square channel with 45 angled ribs as tested by Johnson et al. (1994). The rib height-to-hydraulic diameter ratio (e/Dh) is 0.1 and the rib pitch-to-height ratio (P/e) is 10. The cross-section of the ribs has rounded edges and corners. The computation results are compared with Johnsons et al. (1994) experimental data at a Reynolds number (Re) of 25,000, inlet coolant-to-wall density ratio (/) of 0.13, and three rotation numbers (Ro) of 0.0, 0.12, 0.24. A multi-block numerical method has been employed with a near-wall second-moment turbulence closure model. In the present method, the convective transport equations for momentum, energy, and turbulence quantities are solved in curvilinear, body-fitted coordinates using the finite-analytic method. Pressure is computed using a hybrid SIMPLER/PISO approach, which satisfies the continuity of mass and momentum simultaneously at every time step. The second-moment solutions show that the secondary flows induced by the angled ribs, rotating buoyancy, and Coriolis forces produced strong non-isotropic turbulent stresses and heat fluxes that significantly affected flow fields and surface heat transfer coefficients. The present near-wall second-moment closure model provided an improved flow and heat transfer prediction.

name of conference

  • Volume 3: Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration

published proceedings

  • Volume 3: Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration

author list (cited authors)

  • Jang, Y., Chen, H., & Han, J.

citation count

  • 11

complete list of authors

  • Jang, Yong-Jun||Chen, Hamn-Ching||Han, Je-Chin

publication date

  • May 2000