Cholesterol-to-phospholipid ratio in whole sperm and seminal plasma from fertile stallions and stallions with unexplained subfertility.
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Semen samples were collected from six fertile stallions and seven stallions with unexplained infertility. Percentages of motile sperm (77.5 +/- 11.3 versus 67.5 +/- 12.2, P = 0.2), and progressively motile sperm (70.8 +/- 13.6 versus 60.7 +/- 14.0, P = 0.2) were similar between fertile and subfertile stallions, respectively. Morphologic characteristics in ejaculates of control and affected stallions (% normal: 60.2 +/- 18.2 versus 52.9 +/- 11.3, P = 0.4; % abnormal heads 7.3 +/- 4.8 versus 12.1 +/- 5.0, P = 0.11; and % abnormal acrosomes 1.6 +/- 2.1 versus 3.0 +/- 3.4, P = 0.4) did not differ. After incubation with the calcium ionophore A23187, acrosome reaction rate of sperm from fertile stallions was 96 +/- 2.8% whereas only 2.9 +/- 2.5% of sperm from stallions with unexplained subfertility had acrosome reacted (P < 0.001). Molar amounts of cholesterol and phospholipid in whole sperm and seminal plasma did not differ (P > 0.1) between fertile and subfertile stallions. However, the molar ratio of cholesterol-to-phospholipid was 2.5 times greater in the seminal plasma (P = 0.09) and 1.9 times greater (P = 0.009) in whole sperm of subfertile stallions compared to fertile stallions.
author list (cited authors)
Brinsko, S. P., Love, C. C., Bauer, J. E., Macpherson, M. L., & Varner, D. D.
complete list of authors
Brinsko, SP||Love, CC||Bauer, JE||Macpherson, ML||Varner, DD