Kinetics, equilibria, and modeling of the formation of oligosaccharides from D‐glucose with Aspergillus niger glucoamylases I and II Academic Article uri icon


  • Near-homogeneous forms of glucoamylases I and II, previously purified from an industrial Aspergillus niger preparation, were incubated with D-glucose at a number of temperatures and pH values. Kinetics and equilibria of the formation of alpha,beta-trehalose, kojibiose, nigerose, maltose, isomaltose, panose, and isomaltotriose, which with isomaltotetraose were the only products formed, were determined. There was no difference in the abilities of GA I and GA II to form these products. Activation energies for the formation of maltose and panose were lower than those of the other Oligosaccharides. Relative rates of oligosaccharide production based on glucoamylase hydrolytic activity did not vary significantly between pH 3.5 and 4.5 but were lower at pH 5.5. Maltose was formed much faster than any other product. Equilibrium concentrations at higher dissolved solids concentrations decreased in the order isomaltose, isomaltotriose, kojibiose, nigerose, maltose, alpha, beta-Mrehalose, panose, and isomaltotetraose. They were not appreciably affected by changes in temperature or pH. A kinetic model based on adsorption of D-glucose and the seven di- and trisaccharides by the first three glucoamylase subsites was formulated. Oligosaccharide formation was simulated with the model, using equilibrium data gathered for this article and subsite binding energies and kinetic parameters for oligosaccharide hydrolysis measured earlier. Agreement of simulated and actual oligosaccharide formation data through the course of the reaction was excellent except at very high solid concentrations.

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Nikolov, Z. L., Meagher, M. M., & Reilly, P. J.

citation count

  • 51

complete list of authors

  • Nikolov, ZL||Meagher, MM||Reilly, PJ

publication date

  • August 1989