Influence of muscle mass and work on post-exercise glucose and insulin responses in young untrained subjects. Academic Article uri icon


  • The 18 h post-exercise glucose and insulin responses of six male and six female subjects were measured following one- or two-leg cycling to determine the influence of muscle mass involvement and work. Each subject performed three exercise trials on a Cybex Met 100 cycle ergometer: (1) two-leg exercise for 30 min at 60% of the two-leg VO2 max; (2) one-leg exercise for 30 min at 60% of one-leg VO2 max; and (3) one-leg exercise (one-leg TW) at 60% of the one-leg VO2 max with the total work performed equal to that of the two-leg trial (duration approximately 50 min). These trials were preceded by 2 days of inactivity and followed by an 18 h post-exercise 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The glucose response during the baseline OGTT demonstrated that the subjects had normal glucose tolerance with fasting serum glucose levels of 5.1 mM, and 1 and 2 h serum glucose less than 7.8 mM, respectively. The 18 h post-exercise glucose responses were significantly lower following the two-leg trial (P < 0.05), with the area under the curve values being 129.9 mM h-1 less than the resting control level. The 18 h post-exercise insulin AUC response of the two-leg trial was significantly lower than either of the one-leg responses (14.7 pM below the one-leg and 5.0 pM below the one-leg TW) but was not associated with a change in C-peptide. The 18 h post-exercise insulin levels of the one-leg and one-leg TW trials were above or near the resting control values, but were not accompanied by a significant change in C-peptide. In conclusion, the data presented here show that the amount of muscle tissue utilized during an exercise bout can influence both the glucose and insulin responses, whereas the amount of total work employed during the exercise had no effect on either of these parameters.

published proceedings

  • Acta Physiol Scand

author list (cited authors)

  • Brambrink, J. K., Fluckey, J. D., Hickey, M. S., & Craig, B. W.

citation count

  • 7

complete list of authors

  • Brambrink, JK||Fluckey, JD||Hickey, MS||Craig, BW

publication date

  • November 1997