Plasticity in Materials with Heterogeneous Microstructures
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© 2016, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International. The heterogeneous microstructure has a predominant effect on the mechanical behavior of polycrystalline material. In most instances, a homogenized parameter such as mean grain size is used to describe and to represent the microstructure. However, these models do not account for a measure of heterogeneity in the grain size and grain shape distributions. In this work, we introduce the grain size distribution into a multi-scale stress–strain-gradient model using a controlled Poisson Voronoi tessellation. The correlation between grain size distribution and strength is studied with various cases of grain size distribution with a fixed grid area and mean grain size. In addition, the effect of the spatial distribution of second phases and grain size on the material strength and ductility is also investigated. The results show that introducing heterogeneity into the microstructure can enhance the strength and ductility of the material compared with its equivalent homogeneous microstructure. In addition, different spatial distributions of phases can also lead to different mechanical responses.
author list (cited authors)
Lyu, H., Ruimi, A., Field, D. P., & Zbib, H. M.