Identification of Tomato Bushy Stunt Virus Host-Specific Symptom Determinants by Expression of Individual Genes from a Potato Virus X Vector Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • In this study, we analyzed the influence of two nested genes (p19 and p22) of tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV) on disease symptoms in systemically infected plants and in local lesion hosts. The contribution of individual genes was determined by bioassays with an infectious clone of wild-type TBSV, with p19/p22 mutant derivatives, and by expression of individual TBSV genes from a heterologous potato virus X (PVX) vector. Our results showed that TBSV genes could be expressed at high levels from the PVX vector. The subcellular localization of these proteins as well as the ability of PVX-expressed p22 to trans complement TBSV cell-to-cell movement defective mutants indicate that the exogenously expressed proteins are functionally active. Inoculation studies with TBSV mutants and the PVX derivatives demonstrated that p19 induced a generalized necrosis upon systemic infection of Nicotiana benthamiana and N. clevelandii. In addition, p19 elicited the formation of local necrotic lesions in N. tabacum; however, in N. glutinosa and N. edwardsonii, the local lesion response was activated by p22. These results show that the p19 and p22 proteins of TBSV are important symptom determinants and that closely related plant species may contain different resistance genes that selectively respond to individual TBSV proteins.

author list (cited authors)

  • Scholthof, H. B., Scholthof, K., & Jackson, A. O.

publication date

  • January 1, 1995 11:11 AM