Tomato bushy stunt virus spread is regulated by two nested genes that function in cell-to-cell movement and host-dependent systemic invasion. Academic Article uri icon


  • We have investigated the importance of two small nested genes (p19 and p22) located near the 3' end of the genome of tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV) for infectivity in several hosts. Our results show that both genes are dispensable for replication and transcription and that the p19 gene encodes a soluble protein, whereas the p22 gene specifies a membrane-associated protein. Assays using TBSV derivatives that have the beta-glucuronidase gene substituted for the capsid protein gene demonstrate that p22 is required for cell-to-cell movement in all plants tested. Mutations inactivating p19 ameliorate the severe necrotic systemic symptoms elicited by wild-type TBSV in Nicotiana benthamiana and Nicotiana clevelandii, but p19 does not obviously affect movement in these hosts. However, in some local lesion hosts p19 influences the lesion diameter, which suggests that it has an auxiliary host-dependent role in movement. This notion is supported by the observation that p19 is required for long-distance spread of TBSV in spinach and for systemic infection of pepper plants. Thus, movement of TBSV is regulated by two nested genes; p22 governs cell-to-cell movement and p19 has a host-specific role in systemic invasion.

published proceedings

  • Virology

altmetric score

  • 6

author list (cited authors)

  • Scholthof, H. B., Scholthof, K. B., Kikkert, M., & Jackson, A. O.

citation count

  • 147

complete list of authors

  • Scholthof, HB||Scholthof, KB||Kikkert, M||Jackson, AO

publication date

  • November 1995