Anabolic responses to acute and chronic resistance exercise are enhanced when combined with aquatic treadmill exercise. Academic Article uri icon


  • Aquatic treadmill (ATM) running may simultaneously promote aerobic fitness and enhance muscle growth when combined with resistance training (RT) compared with land-treadmill (LTM) running. Therefore, we examined acute and chronic physiological responses to RT, concurrent RT-LTM, and concurrent RT-ATM. Forty-seven untrained volunteers (men: n = 23, 37 11 yr, 29.6 4.6 kg/m(2); women: n = 24, 38 12 yr, 27.53 6.4 kg/m(2)) from the general population were tested for Vo2max, body composition, and strength before and after training. All groups performed 12 wk of RT (2 wk, 3 8-12 sets at 60 to approximately 80% 1-repetition maximum). The RT-LTM and RT-ATM groups also performed 12 wk of LTM or ATM training (2 wk immediately post-RT and 1 wk in isolation, 60-85% Vo2max, 250-500 kcal/session). Additionally, 25 subjects volunteered for muscle biopsy prior to and 24 h post-acute exercise before and after training. Stable isotope labeling (70% (2)H2O, 3 ml/kg) was utilized to quantify 24 h post-exercise myofibrillar fractional synthesis rates (myoFSR). Mixed-model ANOVA revealed that RT-ATM but not RT-LTM training produced greater chronic increases in lean mass than RT alone (P < 0.05). RT-LTM training was found to elicit the greatest decreases in percent body fat (-2.79%, P < 0.05). In the untrained state, acute RT-ATM exercise elicited higher 24-h myoFSRs compared with RT (+5.68%/day, P < 0.01) and RT-LTM (+4.08%/day, P < 0.05). Concurrent RT-ATM exercise and training elicit greater skeletal muscle anabolism than RT alone or RT-LTM.

published proceedings

  • Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab

altmetric score

  • 10.9

author list (cited authors)

  • Lambert, B. S., Shimkus, K. L., Fluckey, J. D., Riechman, S. E., Greene, N. P., Cardin, J. M., & Crouse, S. F.

citation count

  • 23

complete list of authors

  • Lambert, Brad S||Shimkus, Kevin L||Fluckey, James D||Riechman, Steven E||Greene, Nicholas P||Cardin, Jessica M||Crouse, Stephen F

publication date

  • February 2015