Polymorphism in the GBSS gene affects amylose content in US and European rice germplasm Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between waxy allelic forms and amylose in European and US rice germplasm. These allelic forms were defined according to the single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) found in the leader intron 5 splice site (G T), exon 6 (A C) and exon 10 (C T). The combination of these three SNPs accounted for 89.2% of the variation in apparent amylose content in a pedigree of 85 US rice varieties and 93.8% of the variation among 279 accessions in a European germplasm collection. The allelic forms TAC and TCC were found in low amylose varieties. All varieties with intermediate levels of apparent amylose had the GCC allele. High levels of apparent amylose varieties had either the GAT and GAC allele. The sequence AG. TTATA in the intron 1 distinguished the low amylose varieties from the other classes regardless of any other base changes. Intermediate amylose varieties can be distinguished from those with high apparent amylose by changes in either exon 6 or exon 10. However the simplest interpretation of the data is that the tyrosine/serine change in exon 6 is responsible for the lower levels of Granule bound starch synthase (GBSS) protein and thus lower levels of amylose in intermediate vs. high amylose verities. 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Cereal Science

author list (cited authors)

  • Dobo, M., Ayres, N., Walker, G., & Park, W. D.

citation count

  • 53

complete list of authors

  • Dobo, Macaire||Ayres, Nicolas||Walker, Grace||Park, Williams D

publication date

  • November 2010