Toward single electron resolution phonon mediated ionization detectors Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • © 2017 Elsevier B.V. Experiments seeking to detect rare event interactions such as dark matter or coherent elastic neutrino nucleus scattering are striving for large mass detectors with very low detection threshold. Using Neganov-Luke phonon amplification effect, the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS) experiment is reaching unprecedented RMS resolutions of ∼14 eVee. CDMSlite is currently the most sensitive experiment to WIMPs of mass ∼5 GeV/c2 but is limited in achieving higher phonon gains due to an early onset of leakage current into Ge crystals. The contact interface geometry is particularly weak for blocking hole injection from the metal, and thus a new design is demonstrated that allows high voltage bias via vacuum separated electrode. With an increased bias voltage and a×2 Luke phonon gain, world best RMS resolution of sigma ∼7 eVee for 0.25 kg (d=75 mm, h=1 cm) Ge detectors was achieved. Since the leakage current is a function of the field and the phonon gain is a function of the applied voltage, appropriately robust interface blocking material combined with thicker substrate (25 mm) will reach a resolution of ∼2.8 eVee. In order to achieve better resolution of ∼ eV, we are investigating a layer of insulator between the phonon readout surface and the semiconductor crystals.

altmetric score

  • 9.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Mirabolfathi, N., Harris, H. R., Mahapatra, R., Sundqvist, K., Jastram, A., Serfass, B., Faiez, D., & Sadoulet, B.

citation count

  • 8

publication date

  • May 2017