Solubilization of acyl heterogeneous triacylglycerol in phosphatidylcholine vesicles.
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The amount of acyl heterogeneous triacylglycerol (TG(HET)) solubilized by phosphatidylcholine (PC) vesicles, prepared by co-sonication of egg PC and small amounts (<6% w/w) of TG(HET), was determined using (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The acyl chains of TG(HET) were predominantly 16 or 18 carbons in length, 50% saturated, and approximately 21.7% (13)C isotopically enriched at the carbonyl carbon. The (13)C NMR spectra revealed two carbonyl resonances at chemical shift values between PC carbonyls and oil-phase TG carbonyls, confirming the presence of TG(HET) solubilized in PC vesicles. Oil-phase TG carbonyl peaks were present only in spectra of vesicles containing >3 wt % TG(HET). Integration of TG(HET) carbonyl resonances determined that PC vesicles solubilized 3.8 wt % of TG(HET), compared to 2.8 wt % of acyl homogeneous triolein. The difference between the maximum solubility of TG(HET) and that of homogeneous TG (TG(HOM)) with similar acyl chain lengths provides evidence that specific acyl composition, in addition to the acyl chain length of triacylglycerols, affects the solubility of TG in PC vesicles and TG-rich lipoprotein surfaces. Thus, TG(HET) may innately be a better model substrate than TG(HOM) for determination of substrate availability of TG at lipoprotein surfaces.
author list (cited authors)
Li, R., Schmidt, W., Rankin, S., Walzem, R. L., & Boyle-Roden, E.
complete list of authors
Li, Rong||Schmidt, Walter||Rankin, Scott||Walzem, Rosemary L||Boyle-Roden, Elizabeth