Unconditionally Secure Credit/Debit Card Chip Scheme and Physical Unclonable Function Academic Article uri icon


  • The statistical-physics-based Kirchhoff-lawJohnson-noise (KLJN) key exchange offers a new and simple unclonable system for credit/debit card chip authentication and payment. The key exchange, the authentication and the communication are unconditionally secure so that neither mathematics- nor statistics-based attacks are able to crack the scheme. The ohmic connection and the short wiring lengths between the chips in the card and the terminal constitute an ideal setting for the KLJN protocol, and even its simplest versions offer unprecedented security and privacy for credit/debit card chips and applications of physical unclonable functions (PUFs).

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Kish, L. B., Entesari, K., Granqvist, C., & Kwan, C.

citation count

  • 15

complete list of authors

  • Kish, Laszlo B||Entesari, Kamran||Granqvist, Claes-Goran||Kwan, Chiman

publication date

  • March 2017