Alcohol alters insulin-like growth factor-1 activated oct 2 POU domain gene expression in the immature female hypothalamus. Academic Article uri icon


  • OBJECTIVE: The Oct 2 POU homeodomain gene has been shown to increase during late juvenile development; the upstream control of Oct 2 is not known, however. The insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is known to act centrally to stimulate luteinizing hormone (LH)-releasing hormone (LHRH) release and advance female puberty. We therefore sought to determine if this peptide induces transcription of Oct 2 genes as an early pubertal event. Furthermore, as alcohol (ALC) blocks IGF-1-induced LHRH and LH release acutely, we aimed to determine if it could affect the ability of IGF-1 to stimulate Oct 2 gene expression. METHOD: Female rats, 25 days old, were administered saline or IGF-1 (rat IGF-1 20 ng/3 microI) in the third ventricle at 0900 hours and killed 2, 4 and 6 hours later for assessment of Oct 2 gene expression in the preoptic area (POA) and the medial basal hypothalamus (MBH). In another experiment, we determined whether ALC (3 g/kg) could block IGF-1-induced Oct 2 gene expression. RESULTS: In the POA, IGF-1 did not affect the expression of Oct 2a, but it increased the Oct 2c mRNA levels at 2 hours. In the MBH, both transcripts were elevated 4 hours after IGF-1 stimulation. ALC did not alter basal expression of either of the Oct 2 gene isoforms. In both regions, however, ALC blocked IGF-1-induced gene expression. CONCLUSIONS: IGF-1 induced Oct 2 genes prior to the normal increase during the late juvenile period, indicating this IGF- 1 induction may be an early event in the activation of the LHRH secretory pathway. ALC blocks this action, suggesting the Oct 2 POU gene is a likely target by which ALC can interfere with glial-neuronal interactions and interrupt LHRH secretion during prepubertal development.

published proceedings

  • J Stud Alcohol

author list (cited authors)

  • Dees, W. L., Srivastava, V. K., & Hiney, J. K.

citation count

  • 18

complete list of authors

  • Dees, W Les||Srivastava, Vinod K||Hiney, Jill K

publication date

  • January 2005