Role of NF-κB in Regulation of PXR-mediated Gene Expression A MECHANISM FOR THE SUPPRESSION OF CYTOCHROME P-450 3A4 BY PROINFLAMMATORY AGENTS* * This work was supported in part by NIEHS, National Institutes of Health Grants ES 09859 and ES 09106 and American Heart Association Grant 0355131Y. The costs of publication of this article were defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. This article must therefore be hereby marked “advertisement” in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 1734 solely to indicate this fact.
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It is a long-standing observation that inflammatory responses and infections decrease drug metabolism capacity in human and experimental animals. Cytochrome P-450 3A4 cyp304 is responsible for the metabolism of over 50% of current prescription drugs, and cyp3a4 expression is transcriptionally regulated by pregnane X receptor (PXR), which is a ligand-dependent transcription factor. In this study, we report that NF-kappaB activation by lipopolysaccharide and tumor necrosis factor-alpha plays a pivotal role in the suppression of cyp3a4 through interactions of NF-kappaB with the PXR.retinoid X receptor (RXR) complex. Inhibition of NF-kappaB by NF-kappaB-specific suppressor SRIkappaBalpha reversed the suppressive effects of lipopolysaccharide and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Furthermore, we showed that NF-kappaB p65 disrupted the association of the PXR.RXRalpha complex with DNA sequences as determined by electrophoretic mobility shift assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays. NF-kappaB p65 directly interacted with the DNA-binding domain of RXRalpha and may prevent its binding to the consensus DNA sequences, thus inhibiting the transactivation by the PXR.RXRalpha complex. This mechanism of suppression by NF-kappaB activation may be extended to other nuclear receptor-regulated systems where RXRalpha is a dimerization partner.
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Gu, X., Ke, S., Liu, D., Sheng, T., Thomas, P. E., Rabson, A. B., ... Tian, Y.