A Hybrid Multicast Routing for Large Scale Sensor Networks with Holes Academic Article uri icon


  • 1968-2012 IEEE. In this article, we present RE2 MR, the first hybrid multicast routing protocol that builds on the strengths of existing topology-based, hierarchical and geographic multicast solutions, while addressing their limitations. In RE2 MR, the multicast path search problem is formulated as the capacitated concentrator location problem (CCLP) which yields the network topology that minimizes the sum of path lengths from the multicast root to multicast members. Furthermore, its trajectory-based lightweight hole detection (THLD) discovers deployment area irregularities (i.e., network holes) that affect its solution and autonomously take them into account to generate updated routing paths, and its Energy-efficient Packet Forwarding (EPF) and Multi-level Facility Computation (MFC) reduce computational and communication overheads. We implement RE2MR in TinyOS and evaluate it extensively using TOSSIM for relatively large-scale simulations (400 nodes); we also implement RE 2MR on real-hardware and perform experiments on a testbed consisting of 42 TelosB motes. Through the simulations and experiments on real-hardware, we demonstrate that RE2MR reduces the energy consumption by up to 57 percent and the end-to-end delay by up to 8 percent, when compared with the state-of-the-art multicast routing protocols.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Won, M., & Stoleru, R.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Won, Myounggyu||Stoleru, Radu

publication date

  • December 2015