Molecular cloning of two Haemaphysalis longicornis cathepsin L-like cysteine proteinase genes. Academic Article uri icon


  • Immunological protection of mammalian hosts against tick infestation has been proposed as the most sustainable alternative tick control method to the current use of acaricides which has several limitations. The success of this method is dependent on the identification of key molecules for use as tick vaccine antigens. Proteolytic enzymes are involved in a wide range of cellular processes in eukaryotes such as development regulation and nutrition, thus they can be considered as good target antigens for a tick vaccine. In the present study we used primers designed based on the consensus amino acid motifs flanking the conserved active sites C25 and N175 present in all papain-like cysteine proteinases to amplify by polymerase chain reaction, sequence and characterize two Haemaphysalis longicornis tick cysteine proteinase genes. Based on the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences, both genes were identified as members of the cysteine proteinase gene family by presence in their sequences of consensus motifs flanking the conserved active sites C25, H150 and N175 that are present in all papain-like cysteine proteinases. Both genes are about 1.2 kb in size and show high sequence homology predominantly to invertebrate cathepsin L-like cysteine proteinases.

published proceedings

  • J Vet Med Sci

author list (cited authors)

  • Mulenga, A., Sugimoto, C., Ingram, G., Ohashi, K., & Onuma, M.

citation count

  • 21

complete list of authors

  • Mulenga, A||Sugimoto, C||Ingram, G||Ohashi, K||Onuma, M

publication date

  • May 1999