Immune-responsive lysozymes from hemocytes of the American dog tick, Dermacentor variabilis and an embryonic cell line of the Rocky Mountain wood tick, D. andersoni. Academic Article uri icon


  • Immune-responsive lysozyme encoding cDNAs were identified from two medically important tick species by an expressed sequence tag approach of D. variabilis hemocytes (Dv Lys) and a D. andersoni embryonic derived cell line, DAE100. Comparative sequence analyses indicated the Dermacentor molecules to be products of orthologous genes and to be most similar to arthropod c-type lysozymes. Northern blotting analyses demonstrated that Dv Lys expression levels were most abundant in tick hemocytes and to a much lesser degree in the midgut while barely detectable in ovary, salivary gland, and Malpighian tubule tissues. Involvement of the Dermacentor c-type lysozymes in innate immunity was demonstrated by Escherichia coli challenges of D. variabilis ticks by injection resulting in a temporal profile of significantly elevated transcript abundances above those of naive controls that was similarly observed of the D. andersoni cells co-cultured with E. coli. In contrast to that reported of the digestive gut lysozyme of the soft tick Ornithodoros moubata, Dv Lys levels were not statistically differentially regulated by blood meal digestion. Additionally, given the differences in tissue distribution, sequence characteristics and phylogenetic placements between the Dermacentor and Ornithodoros lysozymes demonstrates that ticks possess differently adapted c-type lysozymes that are spatially and temporally differentially expressed.

published proceedings

  • Insect Biochem Mol Biol

author list (cited authors)

  • Simser, J. A., Macaluso, K. R., Mulenga, A., & Azad, A. F.

citation count

  • 63

complete list of authors

  • Simser, Jason A||Macaluso, Kevin R||Mulenga, Albert||Azad, Abdu F

publication date

  • January 2004