MgATP-dependent activation by phosphoenolpyruvate of the E187A mutant of Escherichia coli phosphofructokinase. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Using enzymatic assays and steady-state fluorescence emission, we performed a linkage analysis of the three-ligand interaction of fructose 6-phosphate (Fru-6-P), phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP), and MgATP on E187A mutant Escherichia coli phosphofructokinase (PFK). PEP allosterically inhibits Fru-6-P binding to E. coli PFK. The magnitude of antagonism is 90-fold in the absence and 60-fold in the presence of a saturating concentration of MgATP [Johnson, J. J., and Reinhart, G. D. (1997) Biochemistry 36, 12814-12822]. Substituting an alanine for the glutamate at position 187, located in the allosteric site (i.e., mutant E187A), activates Fru-6-P binding and inhibits the maximal rate of enzyme turnover [Lau, F. T.-K., and Fersht, A. R. (1987) Nature 326, 811-812]. The allosteric action of PEP appears to depend on the presence of the cosubstrate MgATP. In the presence of a saturating concentration of MgATP, PEP enhances the binding of Fru-6-P to the enzyme by a modest 2-fold. Decreasing the concentration of MgATP mitigates the extent of activation. At MgATP concentrations approaching 25 microM, PEP becomes insensitive to the binding of Fru-6-P. At MgATP concentrations < 25 microM, PEP "crosses over" and becomes antagonistic toward substrate binding. The present study examines the role of Glu 187 at the allosteric site in the binding of Fru-6-P and offers a more complex explanation of the mechanism than that described by traditional allosteric mechanistic models.

published proceedings

  • Biochemistry

author list (cited authors)

  • Pham, A. S., & Reinhart, G. D

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Pham, AS||Reinhart, GD

publication date

  • March 2001