Isolation of an individual allosteric interaction in tetrameric phosphofructokinase from Bacillus stearothermophilus. Academic Article uri icon


  • Phosphofructokinase from Bacillus stearothermophilus (BsPFK) is a model allosteric enzyme system in which the interactions between substrates and allosteric effectors have been extensively studied. However, the oligomeric nature of BsPFK has made it difficult to determine the molecular basis of the allosteric regulation because of the multitude of different types of heterotropic and homotropic interactions that are possible between the four active sites and four allosteric sites in the native tetramer. In an attempt to alleviate the complexity of the system and thereby allow the quantitation of a single interaction between one active site and one allosteric site, site-directed mutagenesis has been coupled with a hybrid-forming scheme to create and isolate a tetramer of BsPFK in which only a single active site and a single allosteric site are capable of binding their respective ligands with high (i.e., near wild type) affinity. Characterization of this single allosteric interaction indicates that the free energy involved in the inhibition by the allosteric effector phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) is 1.48 +/- 0.15 kcal/mol compared to the 3.58 +/- 0.02 kcal/mol measured for the enzyme.

published proceedings

  • Biochemistry

author list (cited authors)

  • Kimmel, J. L., & Reinhart, G. D.

citation count

  • 14

complete list of authors

  • Kimmel, JL||Reinhart, GD

publication date

  • September 2001