Development of an Apparatus to Investigate Friction Characteristics of Constant-Velocity Joints Academic Article uri icon


  • Constant-velocity (CV) joints have become standard design and an integral part of modern vehicles, primarily due to their superiority in terms of CV torque transfer. Despite widespread usage of constant velocity joints there are certain aspects of their friction, wear, and contact characteristics that are not well understood. In this article, the need to directly measure CV joint internal contact and friction forces is addressed by designing and constructing an instrumented advanced CV joint friction apparatus using actual tripod-type joint assemblies. The apparatus is capable of measuring key performance parameters such as friction and wear under different realistic operating conditions of oscillatory speeds and CV joint articulation angles. The apparatus incorporates a custom-installed triaxial force sensor inside of the CV joint to measure in situ internal CV joint forces (including friction). The CV joint apparatus is under full computer control and is communicating with all measurement components via a master Labview control program. Experiments under different articulation angles and lubrication conditions were performed and the measurements were correlated with published data.

author list (cited authors)

  • LEE, C., & POLYCARPOU, A. A.

citation count

  • 6

publication date

  • October 2005