Negative feedback regulation of thyrotropin subunits and pituitary deiodinases in red drum, Sciaenops ocellatus. Academic Article uri icon


  • Thyroxine (T4) undergoes dynamic daily cycles in the perciform fish the red drum, Sciaenops ocellatus, that are inversely timed to cycles of thyrotropin (TSH) subunit mRNA expression in the pituitary gland. We have proposed that these daily cycles are regulated by negative feedback of circulating T4 on expression of pituitary thyroid hormone deiodinase type 3 (Dio3), such that elevated circulating T4 results in diminished pituitary thyroid hormone catabolism and consequent increased negative feedback on expression of TSH subunits during the day. To determine whether thyroid hormones function to modulate expression of pituitary deiodinase enzymes we developed an immersion technique to administer physiological doses of T3 and T4in vivo. Immersion in T4 or T3 significantly inhibited the mRNA expression of the TSH and subunits from 4 to 66h of immersion. Pituitary Dio3 expression was significantly diminished by T3 and T4 at 22h. These results indicate that both T4 and T3 are capable of negative feedback regulation of TSH subunit expression in red drum at physiological concentrations and on a time scale consistent with the T4 daily cycle. Furthermore, thyroid hormones negatively regulate Dio3 expression in the pituitary in a manner suggesting that negative thyroxine feedback on Dio3 promotes the release of TSH subunits from TH inhibition and may be an important mechanism for generating daily thyroid hormone cycles. These results highlight a potentially important role for D3 in mediating thyroid hormone feedback on TSH expression, not previously described in other species.

published proceedings

  • Gen Comp Endocrinol

altmetric score

  • 1

author list (cited authors)

  • Jones, R. A., Cohn, W. B., Wilkes, A. A., & MacKenzie, D. S.

citation count

  • 7

complete list of authors

  • Jones, RA||Cohn, WB||Wilkes, AA||MacKenzie, DS

publication date

  • January 2017