Expression, glycosylation and secretion of phaseolin in a baculovirus system.
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In this report, we describe the efficient expression and glycosylation, in insect cells, of -phaseolin polypeptides (M r 45 and 48 kDa) from Phaseolus vulgaris, by means of a baculovirus expression vector. N-terminal sequence analysis demonstrated that the signal peptide was efficiently processed. Tunicamycin treatment suppressed both phaseolin bands seen in untreated or control cells, and resulted in a single species (M r 43 kDa). We provide evidence that the observed size heterogeneity arises by asymmetric glycosylation of a single, high-molecular weight precursor. These results also indicate that differential glycosylation of phaseolin polypeptides can occur on the product of a single gene, and, in that sense, is not dependent on amino acid sequence variations. Phaseolin accumulates to a very high level (90 g/10(6) cells), 90% of it being secreted into the culture medium. Immuno-gold staining and electron microscopy demonstrated phaseolin polypeptides in electron-dense, membrane-bound vesicles seen at the periphery of the cytoplasm of infect cells and in cytoplasmic multivesicular bodies. The effect on protein accumulation of a single-basepair transversion (GC) at position +6 is also described. This study constitutes, to our knowledge, one of the first instances of a plant protein being expressed in insect cells and suggests possible differences in the sorting mechanisms of glycoproteins from legume seeds and those from Spodoptera frugiperda cell line Sf9.
author list (cited authors)
Bustos, M. M., Luckow, V. A., Griffing, L. R., Summers, M. D., & Hall, T. C.
complete list of authors
Bustos, MM||Luckow, VA||Griffing, LR||Summers, MD||Hall, TC