Deletion and insertion mutations in the rpoH gene of Escherichia coli that produce functional sigma 32.
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Escherichia coli K-12 strain 285c contains a short deletion mutation in rpoD, the gene encoding the sigma 70 subunit of RNA polymerase. The sigma 70 protein encoded by this allele (rpoD285) unstable, and this instability leads to temperature-sensitive growth. Pseudorevertants of 285c that can grow at high temperature contain mutations in the rpoH gene (encoding the heat shock sigma factor sigma 32), and their mutant sigma 70 proteins have increased stability. We characterized the alterations in three of these rpoH alleles. rpoH111 was a point mutation resulting in a single amino acid substitution. rpoH107 and rpoH113, which are known to be incompatible with rpoD+, altered the restriction map of rpoH. rpoH113 was deleted for 72 base pairs of the rpoH gene yet retained some sigma 32 activity. rpoH107 had two IS1 elements that flanked an unknown DNA segment of more than 6.4 kilobases inserted in the rpoH promoter region. The insertion decreased the amount of rpoH mRNA to less than 0.5% of the wild-type level at 30 degrees C. However, the mRNA from several heat shock promoters was decreased only twofold, suggesting that the strain has a significant amount of sigma 32.
author list (cited authors)
Calendar, R., Erickson, J. W., Halling, C., & Nolte, A.