Spectroscopic Discovery of the Supernova 2003dh Associated with GRB 030329**Based on data from the Multiple Mirror Telescope Observatory 6.5 m telescope, the Magellan 6.5 m Clay telescope, and the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory 1.5 m telescope. Academic Article uri icon


  • We present early observations of the afterglow of GRB 030329 and the spectroscopic discovery of its associatedsupernova SN 2003dh. We obtained spectra of the afterglow of GRB 030329 each night from March 30.12 (0.6 days after the burst) to April 8.13 (UT) (9.6 days after the burst). The spectra cover a wavelength range of 350-850 nm. The early spectra consist of a power-law continuum (Fv v-0.9) with narrow emission lines originating from H II regions in the host galaxy, indicating a low redshift of z = 0.1687. However, our spectra taken after 2003 April 5 show broad peaks in flux characteristic of a supernova. Correcting for the afterglow emission, we find that the spectrum of the supernova is remarkably similar to the Type Ic "hypernova" SN 1998bw. While the presence of supernovae has been inferred from the light curves and colors of gamma-ray burst afterglows in the past, this is the first direct, spectroscopic confirmation that a subset of classical gamma-ray bursts originate from supernovae.

published proceedings

  • The Astrophysical Journal

altmetric score

  • 3.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Stanek, K. Z., Matheson, T., Garnavich, P. M., Martini, P., Berlind, P., Caldwell, N., ... Bersier, D.

citation count

  • 983

complete list of authors

  • Stanek, KZ||Matheson, T||Garnavich, PM||Martini, P||Berlind, P||Caldwell, N||Challis, P||Brown, WR||Schild, R||Krisciunas, K||Calkins, ML||Lee, JC||Hathi, N||Jansen, RA||Windhorst, R||Echevarria, L||Eisenstein, DJ||Pindor, B||Olszewski, EW||Harding, P||Holland, ST||Bersier, D

publication date

  • July 2003