Mode identification of the slowly pulsating F0V star V398 Aurigae (9 Aur) Academic Article uri icon


  • We have investigated the F0V star V398 Aurigae (= 9 Aur) under the assumptions that it is undergoing non-radial gravity mode oscillations and that the two principal periods given by Krisciunas et al. are correct. We find that the two periods are manifestations of an l = 3, |m| = 1 spheroidal mode and its toroidal corrections due to the rotation of the star. As far as we know, this is the first detection of toroidal correction terms in a real star. The two modes probably are the result of rotational splitting. Our analysis provides for the first time a physical explanation of certain characteristics of the observed behaviour of the star. The amplitude of the radial part of the pulsation for f1 = 0.795 d-1 is a factor of 4 larger than the one for f2 = 0.346 d-1. Since the photometric variability is determined mostly by temperature variations, which in turn are determined by the radial part of the pulsation, the photometric variability is dominated by the mode with frequency f1. On the other hand, f2 is the more pronounced one in all three spectroscopic moment variations (including the radial velocity), reflecting the fact that the transverse displacement of f2, and not the one of f1, dominates the velocity behaviour.

published proceedings

  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

author list (cited authors)

  • Aerts, C., & Krisciunas, K.

complete list of authors

  • Aerts, C||Krisciunas, K

publication date

  • December 1996