Multi-product splitting and Runge-Kutta-Nystrom integrators Academic Article uri icon


  • The splitting of eh(A+B) into a single product of ehA and ehB results in symplectic integrators when A and B are classical Lie operators. However, at high orders, a single product splitting, with exponentially growing number of operators, is very difficult to derive. This work shows that, if the splitting is generalized to a sum of products, then a simple choice of the basis product reduces the problem to that of extrapolation, with analytically known coefficients and only quadratically growing number of operators. When a multi-product splitting is applied to classical Hamiltonian systems, the resulting algorithm is no longer symplectic but is of the Runge-Kutta-Nystrm (RKN) type. Multi-product splitting, in conjunction with a special force-reduction process, explains why at orders p = 4 and 6, RKN integrators only need p - 1 force evaluations. Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Chin, S. A.

citation count

  • 17

complete list of authors

  • Chin, Siu A

publication date

  • April 2010