Syntheses and Reactivity of Analogues of Grubbs’ Second Generation Metathesis Catalyst with Fluorous Phosphines: A New Phase‐Transfer Strategy for Catalyst Activation Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Reactions of the bis(pyridine) complex (H2IMes)(Py) 2(Cl)2Ru(=CHPh), (H2IMes = 1,3-dimesityl-4,5- dihydroimidazol-2-ylidene) and the highly fluorophilic phosphines [R fn(CH2)m]3P [1; m/n = a, 2/6; b, 2/8; c, 2/10; d, 3/8; Rfn = CF3(CF2) n-1] give (H2IMes){[Rfn(CH2) m]3P}(Cl)2Ru(=CHPh) (4a-d, 64-78%), which are analogues of Grubbs' second generation alkene metathesis catalyst. Complexes 4a,b are effective catalysts for conversions of 1,6-dienes to cyclopentenes under monophasic and biphasic conditions in CH2Cl2 and CH2Cl2/fluorous solvent mixtures. The latter generally exhibit rate accelerations, which are believed to arise from phase transfer of the dissociated fluorous phosphine, allowing the substrate to better compete for the fourteen valence-electron intermediate. Only modest effects are observed when Grubbs' second generation catalyst is similarly reacted. The most fluorophilic catalyst, 4c, can be recycled by extracting the reaction mixtures with perfluoro(methylcyclohexane). © 2007 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • da Costa, R. C., & Gladysz, J. A.

citation count

  • 50

publication date

  • January 2007

publisher