Phase and redox shifted four iron/four sulfur clusters: fluorous analogs of metalloenzyme cofactors Academic Article uri icon


  • Reactions of (1) [Q]2[Fe4S4(SC(CH3)3)4] and the fluorous thiols HS(CH2)nRf8 (n = 2, 3; Rf8 = (CF2)7CF3)), or (2) [Na]2[Fe4S4(S(CH2)nRf8)4] (n = 2, 3) and [PhCH2P((CH2)3Rf6)3][Br] or [PPN][Cl] (PPN = Ph3P[horiz bar, triple dot above]N[horiz bar, triple dot above]PPh3), give the title compounds [Q]2[Fe4S4(S(CH2)nRf8)4], comprised of a fluorous dianion and in some cases fluorous cations, with (1) Q/n = Ph4P/2 (, 67%), Ph4P/3 (, 67%), Me4N/3 (69%), and Ph3P(CH2)2Rf6/2 (73%) or (2) PhCH2P((CH2)3Rf6)3/2 (, 39%), PhCH2P((CH2)3Rf6)3/3 (, 63%), and PPN/2 (36%). The educt [Ph3P(CH2)2Rf6]2[Fe4S4(SC(CH3)3)4] is in turn prepared from FeCl3, HSC(CH3)3/CH3ONa, and [Ph3P(CH2)2Rf6][I], and the educts [Na]2[Fe4S4(S(CH2)nRf8)4] from [Na]2[Fe4S4(SC(CH3)3)4] and HS(CH2)nRf8. The SCH2(1)H and (13)C NMR signals of these paramagnetic salts appear 8.7-10.3 and 32.3-34.9 ppm downfield from those of the corresponding thiols, but the chemical shifts of other signals are nearly normal. The UV-visible spectra show bands similar to those of non-fluorous analogs (290-298 nm and 406-415 nm; ε = 25 700 and 19 200 M(-1) cm(-1) for ). The singly fluorous salts are soluble in organic solvents of moderate polarity, but not in fluorous solvents. The doubly fluorous salts , are soluble in all fluorous solvents assayed, with partition coefficients of >99.65 : <0.35 (CF3C6F11/toluene) and 93.2-93.1 : 6.9-6.8 (FC-72/THF). Cyclic voltammograms carried out using a platinum working microelectrode show that is 0.08 V thermodynamically easier to reduce than .

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhang, C., Xi, Z., Mueller, K. M., Holliday, B. J., Bazzi, H. S., & Gladysz, J. A.

citation count

  • 1

publication date

  • December 2015