Adapter protein Shc regulates Janus kinase 3 phosphorylation.
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Although constitutive activation of Janus kinase 3 (Jak3) leads to different cancers, the mechanism of trans-molecular regulation of Jak3 activation is not known. Previously we reported that Jak3 interactions with adapter protein p52ShcA (Shc) facilitate mucosal homeostasis. In this study, we characterize the structural determinants that regulate the interactions between Jak3 and Shc and demonstrate the trans-molecular mechanism of regulation of Jak3 activation by Shc. We show that Jak3 autophosphorylation was the rate-limiting step during Jak3 trans-phosphorylation of Shc where Jak3 directly phosphorylated two tyrosine residues in Src homology 2 (SH2) domain and one tyrosine residue each in calponin homology 1 (CH1) domain and phosphotyrosine interaction domain (PID) of Shc. Direct interactions between mutants of Jak3 and Shc showed that although FERM domain of Jak3 was sufficient for binding to Shc, CH1 and PID domains of Shc were responsible for binding to Jak3. Functionally Jak3 was autophosphorylated under IL-2 stimulation in epithelial cells. However, Shc recruited tyrosine phosphatases SHP2 and PTP1B to Jak3 and thereby dephosphorylated Jak3. Thus we not only characterize Jak3 interaction with Shc, but also demonstrate the molecular mechanism of intracellular regulation of Jak3 activation where Jak3 interactions with Shc acted as regulators of Jak3 dephosphorylation through direct interactions of Shc with both Jak3 and tyrosine phosphatases.
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Mishra, Jayshree||Kumar, Narendra