Development and validation of an inconsistent responding scale for an abbreviated version of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory - Revised Academic Article uri icon


  • 2015 Elsevier Ltd. An abbreviated version of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory - Revised (PPI-R; Lilienfeld & Widows, 2005) was recently developed to facilitate assessment in settings with time constraints (PPI-R-40; Eisenbarth, Lilienfeld, & Yarkoni, 2015). However, the shortened measure precludes use of the Inconsistent Responding (IR) scales embedded in the full PPI-R. In the present study, we develop a new inconsistent responding scale for the PPI-R-40 and provide initial evidence of its reliability and validity in a sample of undergraduate students (N = 974) and a sample of forensic psychiatric inpatients (N = 200) that previously completed the PPI-R. Across both samples our newly constructed scale, the Inconsistent Responding-Short-10 (IRS-10), correlated moderately with existing IR scales of the PPI-R (rs = .35-48) and was associated with several external indicators of inattentiveness, including trait conscientiousness among undergraduates and symptoms of psychosis among forensic inpatients. ROC curve analyses demonstrated that IRS-10 scores strongly discriminated between respondent and randomly-generated protocols and tentative cut scores for profile invalidity are proposed based on rates of sensitivity and specificity. Overall, our findings suggest that the IRS-10 is capable of detecting inconsistent or careless completion of the PPI-R-40 and may improve the integrity of future research and clinical practice with this instrument.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 1.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Kelley, S. E., Edens, J. F., Donnellan, M. B., Ruchensky, J. R., Witt, E. A., & McDermott, B. E.

citation count

  • 10

complete list of authors

  • Kelley, Shannon E||Edens, John F||Donnellan, M Brent||Ruchensky, Jared R||Witt, Edward A||McDermott, Barbara E

publication date

  • January 2016