The present study investigated the affective responses of 169 Hispanic and 196 African American participants to a simulated selection decision involving race-based affirmative action. Type of implementation procedure and qualification of beneficiary were manipulated in the simulated scenario, and subjects'affective reactions, perceptions offairness and competence, and feelings of stigmatization were measured. Strong effects were obtainedfor the recipient qualification and affirmative action procedure manipulations. Race differences (AfricanAmerican vs. Hispanic) on the majority of dependent variables were not significant. The present study demonstrated that as long as minority group members did not feel they were less qualified than other applicants, the negative consequences of being preferentially selected were muted.