Analysis of picogram quantities of protein in subnanoliter-size samples. Academic Article uri icon


  • The ability to measure protein concentration in subnanoliter volumes would be helpful in many biological studies. A microassay for measuring nanogram protein quantities in nanoliter-size samples and an ultramicroassay for measuring picogram quantities in picoliter samples were developed to measure lymphatic protein concentration. Aliquots of a sample solution were mixed with an o-phthalaldehyde mercaptoethanol reagent using micropipetting techniques. Reaction product fluorescence was measured using a modified Leitz MPV-1 microscope as a microfluorometer. Fluorescence varied linearly with albumin concentrations between 1 and 8 g/100 ml. A typical microassay measuring albumin standards at 0.0, 1.0, 2.0, and 4.0 g/100 ml yielded a linear regression of y = 207x + 60 (r = 0.99). Minimum detectable protein concentration was 0.125 g/100 ml. The SE for the albumin standards varied from 0.02 to 0.17 g/100 ml. An ultramicroassay measuring similar standards yielded a linear regression of y = 1180x + 109 (r = 0.96). Minimum detectable protein concentration was 0.028 g/100 ml. The SE for the standards varied from 0.01 to 0.32 g/100 ml.

published proceedings

  • Anal Biochem

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Zawieja, D., Barber, B. J., & Roman, R. J.

citation count

  • 7

complete list of authors

  • Zawieja, D||Barber, BJ||Roman, RJ

publication date

  • October 1984