Bad Marriages, Bad Novels: The Philosophical Romance
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2008, 2010 Liverpool University Press. Mr S[elby].  Adsheart! we shall have a double marriage, as sure as two and two make four.  The Curtain Falls Jane Austen, Sir Charles Grandison or The Happy Man: A Comedy in Five Acts (written 1799) Written just after Austen had completed her first draft of Pride and Prejudice, this sentence attests to what remains the same in the novel genre as it is transformed towards the end of the eighteenth century into a vehicle for psychological realism. Clearly, Austen had figured out by the time she co-authored this dramatic adaptation of Richardson's novel that good marriages make good novels, just as they end comic plays. The satisfaction is not simply aesthetic. An ending via double marriage ensures that two and two make four; it conserves or perhaps even creates cultural rationality, the kinds of reasoning that a particular social order recognizes as indisputable. John Stevenson reminds us that, in Northrop Frye's generic theory, the distinctive feature of comedy in the broadest sense of the term is that a concluding marriage offers its audience an image of restored social order, containing the anarchic sexual energies that had threatened its dissolution. Austen's contemporaries, the female Jacobin authors Mary Hays and Mary Wollstonecraft, of course much lamented the social order. If marriage is a way of rejoining and reaffirming the world as currently constituted, it offers no solution to their demand for change.
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