Yim, Hoon (2009-05). THE EFFECTS OF FLAME TEMPERATURE, PARTICLE SIZE AND EUROPIUM DOPING CONCENTRATION ON THE PROPERTIES OF Y2O3:EU PARTICLES FORMED IN A FLAME AEROSOL PROCESS. Master's Thesis. Thesis uri icon

abstract

  • Y2O3:Eu particles are phosphors that have found wide applications. Flamesynthesized Y2O3:Eu particles may have either the cubic or the monoclinic structure. The effects of particle size and Eu doping concentration on crystal structure and the surface elemental composition of the flame-synthesized Y2O3:Eu particles had not been previously reported. In this study, a flame aerosol process was used to generate polydisperse Y2O3:Eu particle. H2 was used as the fuel gas, with either air or O2 gas as the oxidizer. The precursor was aqueous solutions of the metal nitrates, atomized using a 1.7-MHz ultrasonic atomizer. The product particles were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Selected area electron diffraction (SAED), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), fluorescence spectrophotometer, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS). The Y2O3:Eu particles generated in H2/O2 flames were spherical and fully dense, with diameters in the range of 10~3000 nm. In particle samples with lower Eu doping concentrations, a critical particle diameter was found, whose value increased with increasing Eu doping concentration. Particles well below the critical diameter had the monoclinic structure; those well above the critical diameter had the cubic structure. At sufficiently high Eu doping concentrations, all Y2O3:Eu generated in H2/O2 flames had the monoclinic structure. On the other hand, all particles generated in the H2/air flames had the cubic structure. For the Y2O3:Eu particles generated in H2/O2 flames, XPS results showed that the surface Eu concentration was several times higher than the doping concentration. For Y2O3:Eu particles generated in H2/air flames, the surface Eu concentration was equal to the doping concentration. For both types of particles, the photoluminescence intensity reached a maximum corresponding to a surface Eu concentration 40~50%. The photoluminescence intensity then decreased rapidly with higher Eu doping concentration. The effect of particle size and Eu doping concentration on crystal structure may be explained by the interplay between surface energy and polymorphism. A mechanism for this surface enrichment phenomenon was proposed based on the binary Eu2O3-Y2O3 phase diagram.
  • Y2O3:Eu particles are phosphors that have found wide applications. Flamesynthesized
    Y2O3:Eu particles may have either the cubic or the monoclinic structure. The
    effects of particle size and Eu doping concentration on crystal structure and the surface
    elemental composition of the flame-synthesized Y2O3:Eu particles had not been
    previously reported.
    In this study, a flame aerosol process was used to generate polydisperse Y2O3:Eu
    particle. H2 was used as the fuel gas, with either air or O2 gas as the oxidizer. The
    precursor was aqueous solutions of the metal nitrates, atomized using a 1.7-MHz
    ultrasonic atomizer. The product particles were analyzed by transmission electron
    microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Selected area electron diffraction
    (SAED), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), fluorescence spectrophotometer, and
    inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS).
    The Y2O3:Eu particles generated in H2/O2 flames were spherical and fully dense,
    with diameters in the range of 10~3000 nm. In particle samples with lower Eu doping
    concentrations, a critical particle diameter was found, whose value increased with increasing Eu doping concentration. Particles well below the critical diameter had the
    monoclinic structure; those well above the critical diameter had the cubic structure. At
    sufficiently high Eu doping concentrations, all Y2O3:Eu generated in H2/O2 flames had
    the monoclinic structure. On the other hand, all particles generated in the H2/air flames
    had the cubic structure. For the Y2O3:Eu particles generated in H2/O2 flames, XPS
    results showed that the surface Eu concentration was several times higher than the
    doping concentration. For Y2O3:Eu particles generated in H2/air flames, the surface Eu
    concentration was equal to the doping concentration. For both types of particles, the
    photoluminescence intensity reached a maximum corresponding to a surface Eu
    concentration 40~50%. The photoluminescence intensity then decreased rapidly with
    higher Eu doping concentration.
    The effect of particle size and Eu doping concentration on crystal structure may
    be explained by the interplay between surface energy and polymorphism. A mechanism
    for this surface enrichment phenomenon was proposed based on the binary Eu2O3-Y2O3
    phase diagram.

publication date

  • May 2009