Todd, Steven Michael (2006-12). Advancement of cotton (Gossypium) radiation hybrid mapping tools. Master's Thesis.
The assembly of a robust structural genomics system requires the development and
integration of multiple types of genome maps. This research focused on the
development of a relatively new means of plant genome mapping, radiation hybrid
mapping, for use in cotton genomics. Simple sequence repeat markers were genotyped
onto an existing wide-cross whole-genome radiation hybrid panel for genome mapping
of the Gossypium barbadense line '3-79'. A new mapping panel was created for
genome mapping of the G. hirsutum line 'TM-1'. Carthagene software was compared to
RHMAP and found to be superior in most regards.
A total of 92 simple sequence repeat markers were genotyped onto the mapping
panel for G. barbadense. Data from 64 of the 92 markers were deemed robust and
combined with pre-existing data to develop an expanded framework map, which
provides partial coverage of 7 chromosomes and three unidentified linkage groups.
A new mapping population was created to allow mapping of the G. hirsutum
genome. The population was developed by treatment of TM-1 pollen with 8 krad of
radiation, which was used to make more than 1000 controlled cross-pollinations. From
these, 979 bolls were harvested and seeds were planted until a population of 115 viable
plants was obtained. Of these, 92 were selected at random for inclusion in the mapping
Carthagene genome mapping software was evaluated and compared to the
previously utilized RHMAP. Carthagene compared favorably in ease of use, calculation speed, and reliability of results. As such, it is recommended for use for the RH mapping