Chin, Chang-Ho (2004-08). Optimal filter design approaches to statistical process control for autocorrelated processes. Doctoral Dissertation. Thesis uri icon

abstract

  • Statistical Process Control (SPC), and in particular control charting, is widely used to achieve and maintain control of various processes in manufacturing. A control chart is a graphical display that plots quality characteristics versus the sample number or the time line. Interest in effective implementation of control charts for autocorrelated processes has increased in recent years. However, because of the complexities involved, few systematic design approaches have thus far been developed. Many control charting methods can be viewed as the charting of the output of a linear filter applied to the process data. In this dissertation, we generalize the concept of linear filters for control charts and propose new control charting schemes, the general linear filter (GLF) and the 2nd-order linear filter, based on the generalization. In addition, their optimal design methodologies are developed, where the filter parameters are optimally selected to minimize the out-of-control Average Run Length (ARL) while constraining the in-control ARL to some desired value. The optimal linear filters are compared with other methods in terms of ARL performance, and a number of their interesting characteristics are discussed for various types of mean shifts (step, spike, sinusoidal) and various ARMA process models (i.i.d., AR(1), ARMA(1,1)). Also, in this work, a new discretization approach for substantially reducing the computational time and memory use for the Markov chain method of calculating the ARL is proposed. Finally, a gradient-based optimization strategy for searching optimal linear filters is illustrated.
  • Statistical Process Control (SPC), and in particular control charting, is widely used to achieve and maintain control of various processes in manufacturing. A control chart is a graphical display that plots quality characteristics versus the sample number or the time line. Interest in effective implementation of control charts for autocorrelated processes has increased in recent years. However, because of the complexities involved, few systematic design approaches have thus far been developed.
    Many control charting methods can be viewed as the charting of the output of a linear filter applied to the process data. In this dissertation, we generalize the concept of linear filters for control charts and propose new control charting schemes, the general linear filter (GLF) and the 2nd-order linear filter, based on the generalization. In addition, their optimal design methodologies are developed, where the filter parameters are optimally selected to minimize the out-of-control Average Run Length (ARL) while constraining the in-control ARL to some desired value. The optimal linear filters are compared with other methods in terms of ARL performance, and a number of their interesting characteristics are discussed for various types of mean shifts (step, spike, sinusoidal) and various ARMA process models (i.i.d., AR(1), ARMA(1,1)).
    Also, in this work, a new discretization approach for substantially reducing the computational time and memory use for the Markov chain method of calculating the ARL is proposed. Finally, a gradient-based optimization strategy for searching optimal linear filters is illustrated.

publication date

  • August 2004