Kim, Seoktae (2004-12). Millimeter-wave sensors. Doctoral Dissertation. Thesis uri icon

abstract

  • New millimeter wave interferometric, multifunctional sensors have been studied for industrial sensing applications: displacement measurement, liquid-level gauging and velocimetry. Two types of configuration were investigated to implement the sensor: homodyne and double-channel homodyne. Both sensors were integrated on planar structure using MMIC (Microwave Monolithic Integrated Circuit) and MIC (Microwave Integrated Circuit) technology for light, compact, and low-cost design. The displacement measurement results employing homodyne configuration show that sub-millimeter resolution in the order of 0.05 mm is feasible without correcting the non-linear phase response of the quadrature mixer. The double-channel homodyne configuration is proposed to suppress the nonlinearity of the quadrature mixer and to estimate the effect of frequency stability of a microwave signal source without the help of additional test equipment, at the loss of a slight increase of circuit complexity. The digital quadrature mixer is constituted by a quadrature-sampling signal processing technique and takes an important role in the elimination of conventional quadrature mixer's nonlinear phase response. Also, in the same displacement measurement, the radar sensor with the double-channel homodyne configuration provided a better resolution of 0.01mm, the best-reported resolution to date in terms of wavelength in the millimeter wave range, than the sensor employing simple homodyne configuration. Short-term stability of a microwave signal source, which is an important issue in phase sensitive measurement, is also considered through phase noise spectrum obtained by FFT spectral estimator at Intermediate Frequency (IF). The developed sensors demonstrate that displacement sensing with micron resolution and accuracy and high-resolution low-velocity measurement are feasible using millimeter-wave interferometer, which is attractive not only for displacement and velocity measurement, but also for other industrial sensing applications requiring very fine resolution and accuracy.
  • New millimeter wave interferometric, multifunctional sensors have been studied for
    industrial sensing applications: displacement measurement, liquid-level gauging and
    velocimetry. Two types of configuration were investigated to implement the sensor:
    homodyne and double-channel homodyne. Both sensors were integrated on planar
    structure using MMIC (Microwave Monolithic Integrated Circuit) and MIC (Microwave
    Integrated Circuit) technology for light, compact, and low-cost design. The displacement
    measurement results employing homodyne configuration show that sub-millimeter
    resolution in the order of 0.05 mm is feasible without correcting the non-linear phase
    response of the quadrature mixer.
    The double-channel homodyne configuration is proposed to suppress the nonlinearity
    of the quadrature mixer and to estimate the effect of frequency stability of a
    microwave signal source without the help of additional test equipment, at the loss of a
    slight increase of circuit complexity. The digital quadrature mixer is constituted by a
    quadrature-sampling signal processing technique and takes an important role in the
    elimination of conventional quadrature mixer's nonlinear phase response. Also, in the
    same displacement measurement, the radar sensor with the double-channel homodyne
    configuration provided a better resolution of 0.01mm, the best-reported resolution to
    date in terms of wavelength in the millimeter wave range, than the sensor employing
    simple homodyne configuration.
    Short-term stability of a microwave signal source, which is an important issue in
    phase sensitive measurement, is also considered through phase noise spectrum obtained
    by FFT spectral estimator at Intermediate Frequency (IF).
    The developed sensors demonstrate that displacement sensing with micron
    resolution and accuracy and high-resolution low-velocity measurement are feasible using
    millimeter-wave interferometer, which is attractive not only for displacement and
    velocity measurement, but also for other industrial sensing applications requiring very
    fine resolution and accuracy.

publication date

  • December 2004