Avendano Ovalle, Raul David (2010-08). An Analysis of the Impact of Flexible Coupling Misalignment on Rotordynamics. Master's Thesis.
Misalignment in turbomachinery has been commonly known to produce twotimes- running-speed (2N) response. This project aimed to investigate the source of the 2N vibration response seen in misaligned vibrating machinery by simulating misalignment through a coupling. Three flexible disc-pack couplings (4-bolt, 6-bolt, and 8-bolt coupling) were modeled, and parallel and angular misalignments were simulated using a finite element program. The stiffness terms obtained from the coupling simulations had 1N, 2N, and 3N harmonic components. The 4-bolt coupling had large 1N reaction components under angular and parallel misalignment. The 6-bolt coupling model only had a 1N reaction component under angular misalignment, and both cases of parallel misalignment showed a strong 2N reaction component, larger than both the 1N and 3N components. The 8-bolt coupling model under angular misalignment produced large 1N reaction components. Under parallel misalignment, it produced 1N, 2N, and 3N components that were similar in magnitude. All the couplings behaved linearly in the range studied. A simple model predicted that the 2N frequency seen in the response is caused by the harmonic (1N) term in the stiffness. The amplitude of the 2N component in the response depends on the amplitude of the 1N term in the stiffness compared to the average value of the stiffness and the frequency ratio. The rotordynamic response of a parallel and angular misaligned system was completed in XLTRC2. When the frequency ratio was 0.5, the system response with the 4-bolt and 6-bolt coupling had a synchronous 1N component that was much larger than the 2N component. The response did not have a 2N component when the 8-bolt coupling was used but the response did have a 1.6N component that was considerably larger than the 1N component. When the frequency ratio was 2, the system response with the 4-bolt and 6-bolt coupling had a synchronous 1N component and a relatively small 1/2 frequency component. The response with the 8-bolt coupling had a 0.4N component that was larger than the 1N component. A 5-tilting pad journal bearing was also tested to better understand its behavior under misalignment because some experts attribute the 2N response to the nonlinear forces produced by bearings with high unit loads. The response of the 5-tilting pad bearing did not produce any 2N components while the bearing was subjected to unit loads of up to 34.5 bars.