Solmaz, Mehmet E. (2010-05). Integration of Arsenic Trisulfide and Titanium Diffused Lithium Niobate Waveguides. Doctoral Dissertation.
A chalcogenide glass (arsenic-trisulfide, As2S3) optical waveguide is vertically integrated onto titanium-diffused lithium-niobate (Ti:LiNbO3) waveguides to add optical feedback paths and to create more compact optical circuits. Lithium-niobate waveguides are commonly used as building blocks for phase and amplitude modulators in high speed fiber communication networks due to its high electrooptic coefficient and low mode coupling loss to single-mode optical fibers. Although it can easily be modulated using an RF signal to create optical modulators, it lacks the intrinsic trait to create optical feedback loops due to its low core-to-cladding index contrast. Ring resonators are main building blocks of many chip-scale optical filters that require these feedback loops and are already demonstrated with other material systems. We have, for the first time, incorporated As2S3 as a guiding material on Ti:LiNbO3 and fabricated s-bends and ring resonators. We have examined As2S3-on-Ti:LiNbO3 waveguides at simulation, microfabrication, and optical characterization levels.