Jiraraksopakun, Yuttapong (2009-05). Flow Imaging Using MRI: Quantification and Analysis. Doctoral Dissertation. Thesis uri icon

abstract

  • A complex and challenging problem in flow study is to obtain quantitative flow information in opaque systems, for example, blood flow in biological systems and flow channels in chemical reactors. In this regard, MRI is superior to the conventional optical flow imaging or ultrasonic Doppler imaging. However, for high speed flows, complex flow behaviors and turbulences make it difficult to image and analyze the flows. In MR flow imaging, MR tagging technique has demonstrated its ability to simultaneously visualize motion in a sequence of images. Moreover, a quantification method, namely HARmonic Phase (HARP) analysis, can extract a dense velocity field from tagged MR image sequence with minimal manual intervention. In this work, we developed and validated two new MRI methods for quantification of very rapid flows. First, HARP was integrated with a fast MRI imaging method called SEA (Single Echo Acquisition) to image and analyze high velocity flows. Second, an improved HARP method was developed to deal with tag fading and data noise in the raw MRI data. Specifically, a regularization method that incorporates the law of flow dynamics in the HARP analysis was developed. Finally, the methods were validated using results from the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and the conventional optimal flow imaging based on particle image velocimetry (PIV). The results demonstrated the improvement from the quantification using solely the conventional HARP method.
  • A complex and challenging problem in flow study is to obtain quantitative flow information in opaque systems, for example, blood flow in biological systems and flow channels in chemical reactors. In this regard, MRI is superior to the conventional optical flow imaging or ultrasonic Doppler imaging. However, for high speed flows, complex flow behaviors and turbulences make it difficult to image and analyze the flows.
    In MR flow imaging, MR tagging technique has demonstrated its ability to simultaneously visualize motion in a sequence of images. Moreover, a quantification method, namely HARmonic Phase (HARP) analysis, can extract a dense velocity field from tagged MR image sequence with minimal manual intervention. In this work, we developed and validated two new MRI methods for quantification of very rapid flows. First, HARP was integrated with a fast MRI imaging method called SEA (Single Echo Acquisition) to image and analyze high velocity flows. Second, an improved HARP method was developed to deal with tag fading and data noise in the raw MRI data. Specifically, a regularization method that incorporates the law of flow dynamics in the HARP analysis was developed. Finally, the methods were validated using results from the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and the conventional optimal flow imaging based on particle image velocimetry (PIV). The results demonstrated the improvement from the quantification using solely the conventional HARP method.

publication date

  • May 2009