Booker, Graham B. (2010-05). Improving Network Reliability: Analysis, Methodology, and Algorithms. Doctoral Dissertation. Thesis uri icon

abstract

  • The reliability of networking and communication systems is vital for the nation's economy and security. Optical and cellular networks have become a critical infrastructure and are indispensable in emergency situations. This dissertation outlines methods for analyzing such infrastructures in the presence of catastrophic failures, such as a hurricane, as well as accidental failures of one or more components. Additionally, it presents a method for protecting against the loss of a single link in a multicast network along with a technique that enables wireless clients to efficiently recover lost data sent by their source through collaborative information exchange. Analysis of a network's reliability during a natural disaster can be assessed by simulating the conditions in which it is expected to perform. This dissertation conducts the analysis of a cellular infrastructure in the aftermath of a hurricane through Monte-Carlo sampling and presents alternative topologies which reduce resulting loss of calls. While previous research on restoration mechanisms for large-scale networks has mostly focused on handling the failures of single network elements, this dissertation examines the sampling methods used for simulating multiple failures. We present a quick method of nding a lower bound on a network's data loss through enumeration of possible cuts as well as an efficient method of nding a tighter lower bound through genetic algorithms leveraging the niching technique. Mitigation of data losses in a multicast network can be achieved by adding redundancy and employing advanced coding techniques. By using Maximum Rank Distance (MRD) codes at the source, a provider can create a parity packet which is e ectively linearly independent from the source packets such that all packets may be transmitted through the network using the network coding technique. This allows all sinks to recover all of the original data even with the failure of an edge within the network. Furthermore, this dissertation presents a method that allows a group of wireless clients to cooperatively recover from erasures (e.g., due to failures) by using the index coding techniques.

publication date

  • May 2010