Yedla, Arvind (2012-10). Universality for Multi-terminal Problems via Spatial Coupling. Doctoral Dissertation. Thesis uri icon


  • Consider the problem of designing capacity-achieving codes for multi-terminal communication scenarios. For point-to-point communication problems, one can optimize a single code to approach capacity, but for multi-terminal problems this translates to optimizing a single code to perform well over the entire region of channel parameters. A coding scheme is called universal if it allows reliable communication over the entire achievable region promised by information theory. It was recently shown that terminated low-density parity-check convolutional codes (also known as spatially-coupled low-density parity-check ensembles) have belief-propagation thresholds that approach their maximum a-posteriori thresholds. This phenomenon, called "threshold saturation via spatial-coupling," was proven for binary erasure channels and then for binary memoryless symmetric channels. This approach provides us with a new paradigm for constructing capacity approaching codes. It was also conjectured that the principle of spatial coupling is very general and that the phenomenon of threshold saturation applies to a very broad class of graphical models. In this work, we consider a noisy Slepian-Wolf problem (with erasure and binary symmetric channel correlation models) and the binary-input Gaussian multiple access channel, which deal with correlation between sources and interference at the receiver respectively. We derive an area theorem for the joint decoder and empirically show that threshold saturation occurs for these multi-user scenarios. We also show that the outer bound derived using the area theorem is tight for the erasure Slepian-Wolf problem and that this bound is universal for regular LDPC codes with large left degrees. As a result, we demonstrate near-universal performance for these problems using spatially-coupled coding systems.

publication date

  • October 2012