Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase-M suppresses systemic lupus erythematosus
- Additional Document Info
- View All
OBJECTIVES: Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK)-M suppresses Toll-like receptor (TLR)-mediated activation of innate immunity during infection. A similar role was hypothesised for IRAK-M in autoimmunity. METHODS: Irak-m-deficient mice were crossed with autoimmune C57BL/6-lpr/lpr mice and detailed phenotype analysis was performed. RESULTS: Irak-m deficiency converted the mild autoimmune phenotype of C57BL/6-lpr/lpr mice into a massive lymphoproliferative syndrome with lethal autoimmune lung disease and lupus nephritis. Irak-m deficiency induced a number of interferon-related genes, cytokines and plasma cell survival factors in spleen cells of these mice. Irak-m-deficient C57BL/6-lpr/lpr mice showed expansion of autoreactive T cells, dysfunctional regulatory T cells and plasma cells which was associated with increased lupus autoantibody production. TLR7 antagonism almost completely abrogated this phenotype consistent with IRAK-M-mediated suppression of TLR7 signalling in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: These data identify a previously unknown function of IRAK-M-namely, suppression of TLR7-mediated autoimmunity-and mutant IRAK-M as a previously unknown genetic risk for murine SLE.
author list (cited authors)
Lech, M., Kantner, C., Kulkarni, O. P., Ryu, M. i., Vlasova, E., Heesemann, J., ... Anders, H.